Sexual orientation and homosexuality

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What we mean by "sexual orientation"?
"Sexual orientation" is a term often used to describe romantic attraction, emotional or sexual abuse of a person to another person. Someone who withdraws from someone of the same sex and homosexual orientation can be called 'gay' (women and men), or lesbian. Individuals attracted to persons of the opposite sex are heterosexual orientation. Sexual orientation is a process that continually deepens over time and individuals who are attracted both by men and women are called bisexual. Sexual orientation is different from gender identity, which refers to the internal sensations that indicate that someone is male or female. Sexual orientation is a relatively new concept. In fact, although same-sex behavior have always existed, the idea of gay identity or gay person is only 100 years old.
The concept of sexual orientation is about much more than just sexual behavior. Includes feelings as well as identity. Some individuals may identify themselves as "gay", lesbian or bisexual without engaging in any sexual activity. Some people believe that sexual orientation is innate and determined; however, sexual orientation develops throughout one's life. Individuals probably aware at different moments of their lives that they are heterosexual, gay, lesbian or bisexual.

What is the cause that persons have a particular sexual orientation?
There are numerous theories regarding the origins of sexual orientation to individuals. Many scientists today agree that sexual orientation is very likely to be the result of an interaction complexity surrounding factors, cognitive and biological. In most people, sexual orientation is formed at an early age. There is also evidence to suggest that biological factors, including genetic or inborn hormonal, play a significant role in the sexuality of people.
It is important to recognize that there are many reasons regarding the sexual orientation of individuals, and these reasons may be different for different people.

Is sexual orientation a choice?
No, human beings can not choose to be homosexual or heterosexual. For most people, sexual orientation emerges in early adolescence without any prior sexual experience. However, we can choose to behave according to our senses or not. Psychologists do not consider sexual orientation as a conscious choice that can be changed voluntarily.

What causes homosexuality / heterosexuality / bisexuality?
No one knows the cause of heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality. Once thought to be

Homosexuality was the result of troubled family dynamics or crooked psychological development. It is now clear that these assumptions were based on the lack of information and bias. Currently there is a renewed interest in terms of research on biological etiologjitë homosexuality. However, to date, no repeated scientific studies supporting any specific biological etiology for homosexuality. Similarly any cause psychosocial or family dynamics have been identified, including histories of childhood sexual abuse. Sexual abuse does not appear to be more prevalent among children that when they grow up identifying as gay, lesbian or bisexual than in children who identify as heterosexual.

Can therapy change sexual orientation?
No; though most homosexuals live their lives in a happy and successful, some homosexual or bisexual may seek to change their sexual orientation through therapy, often forced by their families or by religious groups who pushing vepronjnë so. The reality is that homosexuality is not a disease. Homosexuality does not require treatment and is not changeable. However, not all gay men, lesbians and bisexuals seeking professional medical psychological assistance, want to change their sexual orientation. Gay men, lesbians and bisexual people may seek psychological help during to open dalurit or strategy to be followed in connection with prejudice. But most of them go to therapy for the same reasons and life issues that push and heterosexual people to seek professional psychological help

Stigma still exists (shame) for Homosexuality?
Yes. Fears and misconceptions about homosexuality are widely distributed. They bring terrible challenges to developing and maintaining a positive personal image to people Gay, lesbian or bisexual, and often their families. "Homophobia" is a term that refers to the irrational fear and prejudice against homosexual persons.

What is the position of the American Psychiatric Association in connection with this stigma (shame)?
In 1992, the American Psychiatric Association, recognizing the power of stigma against homosexuality, issued the following statement:

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